Applications of stress management and exercising it in your day-to-day life

Applications of stress management and exercising it in your day-to-day life


As a manager, what are some ways to prevent and manage stress, both yours and your employees? How can you act on both stressors (external) and stressability (internal)?

1. Knowing the regulatory aspects: your duties as a manager

The employer is bound by obligations of means and results (ensuring the safety and protecting the physical and mental health of employees).

"To fulfil this obligation, he/she relies on the principles of collective prevention among which (Article L.4121-2 of the Labor Code):

  • Combating risks at source and adapting work to the individual:
  • adapted workstations,
  • choice of work and production methods to limit monotonous and rhythmic work,
  • technical support for operators to carry out their activities,
  • adaptation of workloads...
  • Plan prevention by integrating technology, organisation and working conditions, social relations and the influence of environmental factors (moral and sexual harassment). To implement the prevention strategy, the employer relies on the occupational health service.

2. Limit the physical impact of stress and regain control.

  • provide a soundproofed, adapted and, if necessary, personalised work environment, as well as areas for relaxation
  • Encourage regular physical activity, a balanced diet and adequate sleep
  • learn to relax: breathe calmly, relax your muscles
  • manage and control your schedule by establishing your urgencies and priorities
  • establish where one's professional added value lies, and whether one's motivations and values are taken into account

3. Manage and maintain positive professional relationships.

  • develop assertiveness to assert oneself calmly and constructively
  • defend one's rights while respecting those of others
  • adopt non-violent communication.

4. Change your state of mind in the face of stress by switching to the "pre-frontal attitude ".

Changing one's state of mind in the face of stress consists in switching to the "pre-frontal attitude" to calm the automatic pilot constituted by the limbic brain. To do this, we give priority to the pre-frontal cortex, the place of adaptation, reflection, balanced decisions and personal control.

It is to move from an automatic mode of functioning to an adaptive mode.


1. To limit the physical impact of stress and regain control

  • Are my environment and my workspace arranged in such a way as to limit stress (noise, comfort, personalisation)?
  • Do I have a lifestyle that limits the physical impact of stress: sleep, diet, and physical activities?
  • Do I take the time to relax?
  • How do I manage my time? Do I organise myself to give priority to what is important, without being overwhelmed by what is urgent?
  • Do I respond to my deepest motivations, to what is meaningful to me in my work?

What do I decide to change?

2. Managing and maintaining positive professional relationships

  • Do I take the initiative to express myself spontaneously in a group? to get to know everyone, to dare to express my tastes and preferences without justifying myself?
  • Do I know how to say "I" and "no" to a request, calmly and respectfully? Can I ask clear and direct questions?
  • Do I know how to listen to others, and recognise their good ideas and proposals?
  • Can I express my disagreement and explain why rationally?

How can I develop these elements?

3. Changing your mindset in the face of stress

  • Do I have a spirit of curiosity when faced with a change, or something new, or do I prefer a routine?
  • When faced with a situation, do I accept its reality, or do I stick to my guns?
  • In my representations, am I nuanced, or do I tend to simplify?
  • Do I function with the notion of relativity or certainty?
  • Are my decisions and choices based on logical reflection and personal choices, or do I let myself be guided by my feelings, empiricism or the appropriate social image?

How can I change my mindset?