Identify your skills

Identify your skills

Knowledge, Know-how, Skills


  • Identify your skills.
  • Clarify your areas of development.
  • Structure your communication in order to talk about your knowledge, know-how and interpersonal skills, what you have put into practice, and how you wish to develop.


Professional competence consists of three intrinsically linked cognitive processes that are activated when planning and performing professional tasks:

  • knowledge (knowing)
  • practice (know-how)
  • attitudes (savoir-être)

o Knowledge : this is all the knowledge acquired through study or practice. The result of what we learn gives us a way of perceiving, understanding and a capacity to reason. This makes it possible to apply for certain jobs that require specific knowledge. A diploma guarantees a certain level of knowledge (knowledge of marketing, accounting, technical maintenance, English, etc.).

o Know-how : Know-how is the practical experience which testifies to the technical mastery of a field and which allows the application of knowledge. It is therefore the ability to apply one's experience and knowledge acquired in any art or trade. (Knowing how to draw up a business plan, a marketing plan, preparing the shutdown of an oil production unit, etc.). There is also a difference between professional and transferable skills.

o Professional Skills includes skills acquired in a certain field: doing a balance sheet, creating a website, managing a sales team, launching a new product in the Asian market, using certain software.

o Transferable skills are skills that can be applied and used in very different environments: negotiation, problem solving, team work, team management...

o Soft skills : Soft skills are related to your attitude and values. These relational skills refer to your personal, social and behavioural qualities that you demonstrate in the professional field (courtesy, control of your emotions, good interpersonal skills, ability to work as part of a team, etc.) and which enable you to work effectively. They are linked to emotional intelligence (flexibility, autonomy, creativity, empathy, etc....). These are typically the skills that you don't learn at school but use every day. They will reflect the way you react in the professional environment. For example, you can be "messy" at home and meticulous and rigorous at work.


  • How to identify and verbalise your KNOWLEDGE?

On a sheet of paper, list EVERYTHING you know how to do without leaving out the most insignificant and obvious details. You will be surprised at how much you know.

Verbalise by describing I KNOW + NAME

For example: "I know about intellectual property law", "I know about Creative Adobe software (Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator...)"

  • How to identify and verbalise your KNOWLEDGE?

Verbalise by describing I KNOW + ACTION VERB + ACTIVITY FIGURE For example: "I know how to plan an event for 250 people", "I know how to recruit 30 talents per year", "I know how to make a marketing presentation on PowerPoint and present it in front of a client"...

Once you have identified your skills, classify them by areas of intervention.

  • How do you identify and verbalise your KNOW-HOW?

Verbalise by describing I AM + ADJECTIVE or I HAVE + NAME

For example: "I am enthusiastic, curious, empathetic, adaptable, autonomous...", "I have a sense of initiative"...

Nowadays, interpersonal skills are a key factor in professional development, as it is the behaviors that make the cohesion and the performance of the company.

According to a July 2020 article from https://www.nouvelleviepro.fr/actualite/536/les-10- competencies-most-searched-by-employers, here is the list of the 10 behavioural competencies expected by employers:

  1. Ability to organise, prioritise tasks (98%)
  2. Ability to adapt (94%)
  3. Autonomy (93%)
  4. Sense of responsibility / reliability (93%)
  5. Teamwork (90%)
  6. Knowledge of and respect for rules (84%)
  7. Ability to update knowledge (83%)
  8. Sense of customer relations (72%)
  9. Initiative/creativity (69%)
  10. Ability to work under pressure and manage stress (62%)

The following skills are also often cited :

  • Proactivity
  • Autonomy
  • Interpersonal skills, communication
  • Responsibility
  • Complex problem solving,
  • Critical thinking,
  • Creativity,
  • Team management,
  • Coordination,
  • Emotional intelligence,
  • Judgement and decision making,
  • Customer service orientation,
  • Negotiation,
  • Cognitive flexibility


  • What are your professional skills?
  • What are your transferable skills?
  • What are your interpersonal skills?
  • Which skills do you enjoy using the most? The least?
  • What are your strongest skills today?
  • What kind of satisfaction do you get from using these skills?
  • If you could not use these skills, what would happen?
  • What would be a job that would allow you to use these skills?
  • What are your weakest skills today?
  • What do you want to improve?